Who are Hazaras
who are Hazaras, The word “Hazara” is• derived from the “Persian” word “Hazar”, which means thousand, The concept originally refers to the “Mango 1” military unit, which contained 1,000 personnel. It was later applied to a distinct group of people known as “Hazara“.
Who are Hazaras
Basically, Hazaras are from Afghanistan. At that time they consider as a third largest ethnic group. They speak Hazaragi but some scolders who consider Hazaras as the 2nd largest ethnic group are Irshad Ahmad Haqqani from Pakistan Hazaras genetically belong to the Mongols and Yugurs of western China.
History of Hazaras
The exposure of Hazaras At first Hazaras was mentioned by Shah Abbas who ruled on Muslim word in 1500 AD.
Secondly, by Babur who was a ruler of the Mughal Empire. He suggested Hazaras to the other people
Hazaras during the 18th century:
who are Hazaras During the reign of dust Muhammad khan Hazaras were forced to run away from the place of Afghanistan Hazaras who were living in baingan and Hazarajat were badly treated by the ruler of Afghanistan.
The region of Abdur Rahim;
Abdul Rahim is known as the cruelest paktoons ruler of Afghanistan he treats to begin Hazaras under control of himself but Hazaras never want this and did not accept the slavery of Abdur Rehman. During this region, the southern part of hazarajat was separated from the rest of Hazaras places by accepting the demand of Abdur Rehman the southern of Abdur Rehman were abusing the Hazaras families in during 1892.
Many children and woman were killed. Hazaras were moved to mountains areas form their land to save their lives.
Proposal for Abdur Rehman:
After victory Abdur Rehman proposed three options to Hazaras
- To accept Hanafi sect.
- To free the places
- To accept death
The response of Hazaras:
The Hazaras accepted the second option and migrated unwillingly to different parts of the world. Their properties and land were given to pakhtoons. Most of the Hazaras families were migrated mainly towards Iran and Pakistan.
Hazaras social and political conditions in Iran and Pakistan:
Hazaras in Iran:
The Hazaras were ‘’Shia’’ Muslim, therefore, Abdur Rehman killed them and Iran is a Shia state, it was the only hope for Hazaras. Thus a large number of Hazaras migrate to Iran as compared to Pakistan. The social and political conditions of Hazaras are very sad in Iran on the basis of the following facts:
- absorption of Hazaras:
Thousands of Hazaras families are being absorbed as Iranian culture. Hazaras were not comfortable in the dresses traditions of Iran. They follow completely different dresses and traditions but a large number of Hazaras consider themselves as ‘’ mashhadi’’ and totally deny that they come from Afghanistan.
- The problem of citizenship:
Hazaras have been waiting for their citizenship in Iran for many years but they were treated as third class citizens. They abused socially and politically.
- The higher illiteracy rate of Hazaras:
There is the reason why Hazaras became illiterate is:
- They are not allowed to get educations.
- They have no opportunity to get higher educations in colleges, universities.
- Fees and other things are very costly that Hazaras are not affordable for them.
- They are not considering as a citizen of Iran.
Hazaras in Pakistan:
Hazaras families are living in Quetta city very peacefully. Hazaras of Pakistan are enjoying many facilities these are given as under:
- The identity of Hazaras in Baluchistan :
Pakistan did not treat Hazaras as Iran does. Pakistan has identified the Hazaras nation as the local tribe of Baluchistan. In 18-12-2006 the Hazaras hot a legal state in Pakistan.
- Equal opportunities:
Being an identified tribe of Baluchistan, Hazaras are given equal opportunities in every field of life.
Many Hazaras students are getting an education in colleges, universities in the country.
- Hazaras in political field:
who are Hazaras are having their own seat in federal as well as in provincial government.
They are representing Hazaras on federal and provincial levels. Not only this, Hazaras have a strong political party and have good relations with others on every forum which has not only shown Hazaras a peaceful nation but also will play a significant role in development.
Please visit our website for more information about tech, health, etc techazra